Arthur Kitson (6 April 1859 – 2 October 1937) was a British monetary theorist and inventor. He was the managing director of the Kitson Empire Lighting Company of Stamford, Lincolnshire and held many patents.
In 1901, he invented the vaporised oil burner. The fuel was vaporised at high pressure and burned to heat the mantle, giving an output of over six times the luminosity of traditional oil lights. This device was later improved by David Hood at Trinity House.