Frederick Niecks (3 February 1845 – 24 June 1924) was a German musical scholar and author, who was resident in Scotland for the bulk of his life. He is best remembered now for his biographies of Frédéric Chopin and Robert Schumann. Friedrich Maternus Niecks was born in Düsseldorf, son of a conductor and teacher; his grandfather was also a professional musician. He studied music under his father and later under Leopold Auer and others (violin) and Julius Tausch (piano and composition). At age 13 he made his debut playing Charles Auguste de Bériot's Violin Concerto No. 2, then joined the Musikverein orchestra until the age of 21.