James McKinney (April 14, 1852 - September 29, 1934) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois.
Born in Oquawka, Illinois, McKinney attended the public schools and was graduated from Monmouth (Illinois) College in 1874. He served as president of the Aledo (Illinois) Bank 1892-1907. He served as a member of the Republican State central committee 1894-1906. He served as a delegate to the Republican State convention in 1896 and 1900. He was appointed by Governor Yates in 1901 a member of the State railroad and warehouse commission, but resigned in 1902. He served as president of the Aledo Board of Education in 1902 and 1903.