Martha Emily Foote Crow (1854 - January 1, 1924) was an educator and writer. Born in Sackets Harbor, New York, she played an important role in the development of higher education for women in the United States.
Martha Foote Crowe was born to Reverend John B. and Mary Pendexter (Stilphen) Foote in 1854. In 1872, while studying at Syracuse University, she was one of the founding members of the sorority Alpha Phi. She earned a Ph.B. in 1876 and Ph.M. in 1878, and finally her Ph.D. in English literature in 1886, all at Syracuse. In 1885, she married John M. Crow, an archaeologist. John Crow joined the faculty of Iowa College (now Grinnell College) in 1884, and Martha Foote Crow became "Lady Principal" of the college (1884-1891) and preceptress (1884-1888) of the academy that operated under the college's auspices. While at Iowa College, she participated in the work of the Association of Collegiate Alumnae, coordinating an international survey of women's higher education. She also served as the Association's President from 1893-1895.
Upon her husband's death from tuberculosis in 1891, Martha Foote Crow left Grinnell to become assistant professor of English literature at the University of Chicago. In 1900, she became dean of women at Northwestern University. While at Northwestern, she participated in the formation of an association of deans of women, organizing the 1903 Conference of Deans of Women of the Middle West.